Lieutenant (jg)

From WNOHGB Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search

A lieutenant, junior grade or its Commonwealth equivalent, sublieutenant, is the second lowest rank of commissioned officer in most naval organizations.

Contents

Historical Context

In the British Royal Navy, a passed midshipman awaiting promotion often elected to become a master's mate, normally an experienced petty officer who assisted the sailing master. Though formally the rating did not lead to promotion to lieutenant, master's mates were paid more than any other rating and were the only ratings allowed to command any sort of vessel. A midshipman who became a master's mate got an increase in pay from £1 13s 6p to £3 16s per month, but initially reduced his chances at a commission. Over time, however, service as a master's mate became a normal part of the path to a commission. The situation caused some confusion during the last part of the 18th century, when two parallel roles - master's mates trying to become masters, and former midshipmen working toward a commission - held the same title and responsibilities aboard ship.

By the first years of the 19th century, the prefix "master's" was dropped for passed midshipmen, to distinguish them from master's mates in the navigator's branch. In 1824 two further grades were also introduced, consisting of master's assistants and second-class volunteers. These corresponded to midshipmen and first-class volunteers respectively in the executive line. From this point, passed midshipmen had the rating master's mate, abbreviated as mate, and prospective masters had the rating master's assistant. These changes helped eliminate the confusion caused by the mingling of midshipmen in the navigator's branch.

In 1838 a Royal Commission, presided over by the Duke of Wellington, recommended the institution of the rank of mate as an official step between midshipman and lieutenant. In 1861 mate was abolished in favor of sub-lieutenant.

Starfleet Usage

In Starfleet, a lieutenant junior grade (or as it is styled 'lieutenant (jg)') is senior to an ensign but immediately subordinate to a full lieutenant. Most lieutenants, junior grade, have been on active duty for at least six months as an ensign before becoming eligible for promotion consideration by the Starfleet Bureau of Personnel.

Starfleet used the following rank insignia to denote this rank of officer:

Period 2410-Present 2373-2410 2368-2373 2365-2373 2352-2365 2280-2352 2270-2280 2255-2270
Insignia 2410 SF O-2.png
2410 SF O-2 (prov).png
2373 SF O-2.png
2373 SF O-2 (prov).png
2368 SF O-2.png
2368 SF O-2 (prov).png
2366 SF O-2.png
2366 SF O-2 (prov).png
2352 SF O-2.png
2352 SF O-2 (prov).png
2280 SF O-2.png 2270 SF O-2.png
2270 SF O-2 (shoulder).png
2255 SF O-2.png

Other Usage

Some military and paramilitary groups use the rank "lieutenant (jg)" in their organizations:

Starfleet Merchant & Supply Service (MSS)

Lieutenants (jg) within the MSS are often placed in command of auxiliary starships, such as cargo runabouts. They may also serve on transports or light freighters as First Officer or as a senior Division Officer aboard. On larger vessels, they may see service as a Division Officer or Assistant Division Officer.

Grade Rank Command Services Sciences
O-2 Lieutenant (jg) SFMSS O-2 CMD.png SFMSS O-2 SVC.png SFMSS O-2 SCI.png

Bajoran Defense Force Navy

The Bajoran Defense Force Navy uses the alternative equivalent, Sublieutenant:

Grade Rank Insignia (Sleeve)
O-2 Sublieutenant BDFN-O-2.png

Rikon Defense Force

Grade Rank Insignia (Shoulderboard)
O-2 Lieutenant (jg) RDF-O-2.png

See Also

Starfleet Rank Structure
Grade Enlisted Training Warrant Officer
1 PVT CREC MID4 WOJG 2LT ENS
2 PFC CAPP MID3 WO 1LT LTJG
3 LCPL CRMN MID2 CWO CPT LT
4 CPL PO3 MID1 SCWO MAJ LCDR
5 SGT PO2 OC MCWO LTCOL CDR
6 SSGT PO1 COL CAPT
CDRE
7 GYSGT CPO BRGEN BADM
8 MSGT SCPO MAJGEN RADM
9 MGYSGT
SGTMAJ
MCPO LTGEN VADM
10 SGTMAJOS MCPOS GEN ADM
11 GADM
Personal tools